Ernesto Tagliaferri was an Italian musician and composer of Neapolitan songs. His songs are world famous and have been recorded by many singers.
He graduated in violin and composition at the Conservatory S. Pietro a Maiella of Naples. He began his career directing main companies in the Eden and La Fenice theatres in Naples.
During the First World War starts an orchestra giving concerts for the troops and composing patriotic songs like "Italia mia". In 1926 starts the musical publishing house La bottega dei Quattro (The Workshop of the Four) with the authors Bovio, Lama and Valente. He settled down in Torre del Greco with his wife Lucia D'Orlando, sister-in-law of tenor Francesco Albanese.