Homer is the name with which the Greek poet author of the Iliad and the Odyssey is historically identified, the two greatest epics of Greek literature. In ancient times other works were attributed to him, including the playful poem Batracomiomachia, the so-called Homeric hymns, the poem Margite and several poems of the epic cycle.

The actual authorship of his work was already questioned in ancient times (from the 3rd century BC, at the philological school of Alexandria in Egypt). In modern times, starting from the second half of the seventeenth century, the very existence of the poet began to be questioned, inaugurating the so-called Homeric question.


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