Jesús Franco Manera was a Spanish filmmaker, composer, and actor, best known for his stylish exploitation films, directing around 160 feature films.
Jess Franco used around 40 pseudonyms in his career.
List of pseudonyms: Joan Almirall, Clifford Brown, Clifford Brown Jr., Juan G. Cabral, Terry De Corsia, Raymond Dubois, Chuck Evans, Dennis Farnon, Jess Franck, Jess Franco, Adolf M. Frank, Anton Martin Frank, Jess Frank , John Frank, Wolfgang Frank, James Gardner, Robert Griffin, Lennie Hayden, Frank Hollmann, JP Johnson, James Lee Johnson, James P. Johnson, David J. Khune, David Khune, D. Khunne, D. Khunne Jr., David Khunne, David Kuhne, Frank Manera, Jeff Manner, Roland Marceignac, Tawer Nero, Cole Polly, Preston Quaid, Pierre Queret, P. Querut, Lowel Richmond, Dan L. Simon, Jean-Jacques Tarbes, Joan Vincent.
Franco suffered a severe stroke on 27 March 2013, and was taken to a hospital in Málaga, Spain, where he died six days later, on the morning of 2 April. He was 82 years old.